國家自然科學基金項目（31860208，31360198，31560207）； 云南省高校林下生物資源保護與利用科技創新團隊（2018KF02）； 云南省高校干熱河谷植被恢復創新團隊（218033）
The pepper root system and soil samples were collected from the pepper planting area in Qimaba Township,Lüchun County,Honghe Prefecture,Yunnan Province.To investigate pepper phytophthora root rot and calculate its incidence and disease index,the spore density,richness,diversity index and mycorrhizal infection rate of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi(AMF) in the rhizosphere and around roots of pepper were investigated by wet-screen precipitation method and plant root staining. Then the final data were analyzed by using SPSS software. The results showed that when the mycorrhizal infection rate was the highest(62.5%),the spore density was also the highest,reaching 11.725 spores/g,the incidence and disease index of pepper phytophthora root rot were the lowest(20% and 9,respectively). When the mycorrhizal infection rate and spore density were the lowest(11% and 2.475 spores/g),the incidence and disease index of pepper phytophthora root rot were the highest at 80% and 53.5,respectively. The results of the correlation analysis showed that the spore density,richness and mycorrhizal infection rate of the AMF were negatively correlated with the incidence and the disease index of pepper phytophthora root rot. That is,the higher the abundance and density of AMF spore,the higher the mycorrhiza infection rate,the lower the incidence of pepper phytophthora root rot and the smaller the disease index. It can be seen that the existence of AMF in pepper root soil can enhance the disease resistance of pepper and reduce the occurrence of diseases.