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      2. 基于文獻計量學的垂直農場研究現狀分析
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        1.南京工業大學;2.英國諾丁漢特倫特大學

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        基金項目:

        國家自然科學(51708283)、(41871189);江蘇省自然科學(BK2017011);高密度人居環境生態與節能教育部重點實驗室(同濟大學)2019年校外開放課題(2019030101)


        A Bibliometric Review on the Vertical Farms
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          摘要:

          垂直農場是農業和建筑環境跨學科領域研究的最新方向之一。本文以CNKI、SCOPUS和Web of Science(WOS)為數據庫,以關鍵詞檢索精選出國內外相關文獻184篇,采用文獻計量學的方法對其進行定量分析,總結了垂直農場研究的現狀、發展趨勢以及面臨的挑戰。研究發現:垂直農場的概念于1999年被提出后,前10年的發展較為緩慢,發表的相關文獻也很少。而2010年以后,發展提速,文獻數量總體呈上升趨勢。但不管從總體數量還是核心數據庫的收錄情況來看,相關研究還是非常不足。對WOS核心合集數據庫中的21篇文獻分析發現,研究的最新熱點不但在農業科技方向,同時也聚焦于環境科學方向,特別是在建筑環境方向大有可為。在對比分析各文獻研究內容的基礎上對垂直農場的研究熱點進一步精煉和總結,并梳理出研究方法。同時,就垂直農場的技術性、經濟性和可行性進行了分析,闡述了未來技術的發展方向。研究結果可為國內未來垂直農場的研究和發展提供思路和參考。

          Abstract:

          The concept of a modern vertical farm was proposed in 1999. Theoretically, it has many advantages over traditional soil-based agriculture. In order to analyze and summarize the development and research status of vertical farms during the past two decades, this article used “vertical farm” and related terms as key words to search literatures from three databases, including CNKI, SCOPUS and Web of Science (WoS). Bibliometrics quantitative analysis was conducted with 184 selected literatures. The research progress was compared in China and internationally. By sorting and categorizing the literature, the research hotspots of vertical farms, as well as their research methods, were summarized. Based on that, the technical and economic feasibility were further analyzed. The results reveal that during the last decade the research on the vertical farm has accelerated, but the overall number of documents is still small, and only 25 relevant documents have been found in the WoS core collection database which represent research of high quality. The starting time of research on vertical farms in China and globally is similar. However, after the introduction of the concept in China, the popularity has declined, accounting for a low proportion of publications in China's core journals (only 10.6%). While international research has maintained a continuous upward trend since 2008 and continues to accelerate. And Nearly a quarter of international researches come from WoS core collection database. Results also presents a research trend in interdisciplinary fields. The research hotspots are mainly in the three aspects: technology integration, economy and feasibility, and ecological and environmental benefits. Research methods cover experimental research, case studies, mathematical modeling analysis, and simulation software analysis. At present, the key technologies involved in vertical farms are basically mature and there are no major obstacles. The key factors restricting its development are the cost-effectiveness and the uncertainty of ecological and environmental impacts, which need to be studied timely. With the continuous improvement of technical level and the proper selection of development strategies, the development prospect of vertical farms is very optimistic.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-05-30
        • 最后修改日期:2020-07-06
        • 錄用日期:2020-09-16
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