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      2. 食用柿果后形成“胃柿石”的風險分析
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        華中農業大學食品科技學院

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        國家重點研發計劃項目


        Risk Assessment of “Gastric Persimmon Bezoars” Formation after Daily Consuming Persimmon Fruits
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        College of Food Science and Technology,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan,China

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          摘要:

          本文旨在從不同角度評估每日食用柿子后胃結石的形成風險。在模擬胃液體系中證實,柿單寧與食物成分的絮凝作用不能等同于其結石形成風險。在動物體系中,SD大鼠30天持續攝入柿子后,經胃部解剖均未觀察到結石,并且胃分泌功能和胃病理特征無明顯變化。此外,志愿者試驗和產區問卷調查進一步證實,健康成人每天食用兩個柿果(400-500 g)未出現胃結石。綜合而言,本研究初步證實健康成人每日食用兩個柿果不會導致胃結石。

          Abstract:

          For a long time, whether eating persimmons can lead to gastric bezoars was controversial. The public's concerns about eating persimmons have severely restricted the development of persimmon industry. However, until now, no systematic studies have confirmed that eating persimmons can cause bezoars. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether daily consumption of persimmon fruits could cause gastric bezoars. In stimulated gastric fluid system, we confirmed that the flocculation ability of tannins with food ingredients cannot been considered for its bezoars formation risk. In the animal system, our results showed that no bezoars were found in the stomach, and no intracorporal pathogenic properties were observed according to the hematological and stomach parameters after 30 days’ continuous intake of persimmon. Additionally, both volunteer tests and questionnaires in typical persimmon growing region revealed that consuming two persimmon fruits (400-500 g) daily for healthy person did not lead to gastric bezoars. Altogether, this study preliminarily confirmed that healthy adults eating two persimmons daily did not cause gastric bezoars.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-08-27
        • 最后修改日期:2020-10-20
        • 錄用日期:2020-10-22
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