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      2. 中國政策性農業保險:發展趨勢、國際比較與路徑優化
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        黃岡師范學院

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        中圖分類號:

        F840.66

        基金項目:

        國家社會科學基金項目“傾斜性保險扶貧政策的減貧效應與路徑優化研究”(19BJY116)


        Policy Agricultural Insurance in China:Development Trend,International comparison and Path Optimization
        Author:
        Affiliation:

        Huanggang normal university

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          摘要:

          近年來中國政策性農業保險快速發展,這與國家財政大力支持密不可分;采用描述性統計數據,梳理自2007年試點以來中國政策性農業保險的發展趨勢;采用比較分析方法,選取美國、加拿大、日本等國的政策性農業保險進行對比,深入分析新形勢下中國政策性農業保險存在的問題及面臨的困局;研究表明:中國政策性農業保險的實踐發展既與政策預期存在較大差距,與發達國家相比也還存在一些問題:農業保險政策目標與農業發展形勢不相適應,財政保費補貼省域差異不明顯,農業保險險種相對單一,財政支持農產品品種數量偏少,農業保險保障水平偏低,農業保險組織管理相對落后;最后提出農業保險政策的優化路徑:進一步調整農業保險政策目標,“因省而異”制定中央財政差異化保費補貼政策,開展完全成本保險、產量保險及收入保險,增加財政支持農產品品種范圍,提高農業保險保障水平,構建全國性農業保險管理體系。

          Abstract:

          In recent years, the rapid development of China's policy-oriented agricultural insurance is closely related to the strong support of the state finance; using descriptive statistical data to sort out the development trend of China's policy-oriented agricultural insurance since the pilot project in 2007; using comparative analysis methods, selecting the policy-oriented agricultural insurance of the United States, Canada, Japan and other countries for comparison, in-depth analysis of the existing problems and difficulties of China's policy-oriented agricultural insurance under the new situation; The research shows that there is a big gap between the practical development of policy-oriented agricultural insurance and policy expectations, and there are still some problems compared with developed countries: the objectives of agricultural insurance policy do not adapt to the situation of agricultural development, the provincial differences of financial premium subsidies are not obvious, the types of agricultural insurance insurance are relatively single, the number of agricultural products supported by financial support is relatively small, the level of agricultural insurance security is on the low side, and the management of agricultural insurance organizations is relatively backward; Finally, the optimization path of agricultural insurance policy is put forward: to further adjust the goal of agricultural insurance policy, to formulate the policy of differentiated premium subsidy of central finance "according to the province", to carry out complete cost insurance, output insurance and income insurance, to increase the range of agricultural products by financial support, to improve the level of agricultural insurance guarantee, and to construct a national agricultural insurance management system.

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        • 收稿日期:2019-09-03
        • 最后修改日期:2019-12-14
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-08
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