school of economics and management, wuhan university,
The "one-step method" SFA model was used to empirically explore the technical efficiency of 603 family farms and its influencing factors, and analyze the relationship between different agricultural factor allocation modes and the technical efficiency of farms. The results show that: ①The input of land, labor force and capital has a significant effect on agricultural production, but the comprehensive technical efficiency of farm depends more on the efficiency of capital scale; ②The average technical efficiency of the farm is 0.58, there is a 42% loss of technical efficiency;③Different agricultural factor allocation has a significant impact on the change of farm technical efficiency. Compared with no-land transfer households, land transfer households have higher management technology efficiency, compared with non-agricultural employment households, non-agricultural employment households have higher management technology efficiency; ④The farmer's age and educational level have a significant negative effect on the technical efficiency of the farm, planting Cash crop, using new agricultural technologies, setting production standards, joining farmers' cooperatives, trademark brands, and establishing stable marketing channels have significantly improved the farm's technical efficiency. Main conclusion: in order to further improve the efficiency of agricultural technology and factor allocation, we should accelerate the process of rural land circulation marketization and promote the transfer of agricultural labor force to non-agricultural industries. As a farm operator should also change their ideas and management methods to improve the level of farm management and agricultural technology efficiency.