• <mark id="l0x4h"></mark>

      <u id="l0x4h"></u>
        <ins id="l0x4h"></ins>

      1. <bdo id="l0x4h"></bdo>
      2. 基于SFA的家庭農場技術效率測度與影響因素分析 ——來自武漢、郎溪603戶家庭農場的調查
        DOI:
        作者:
        作者單位:

        武漢大學經濟與管理學院

        作者簡介:

        通訊作者:

        中圖分類號:

        基金項目:

        教育部人文社科重點研究基地重大項目“農業現代化進程中新型農業經營體系與家庭農場研究”(18JJD790012),教育部人文社會科學研究青年基金項目“基于大數據的需求導向型農技推廣機制研究”(20YJC790197)


        Technical efficiency measurement and influence factor analysis of family farm based on SFA ——Evidence from 603 family farms in Wuhan and Langxi
        Author:
        Affiliation:

        school of economics and management, wuhan university,

        Fund Project:

        • 摘要
        • |
        • 圖/表
        • |
        • 訪問統計
        • |
        • 參考文獻
        • |
        • 相似文獻
        • |
        • 引證文獻
        • |
        • 資源附件
        • |
        • 文章評論
          摘要:

          運用“一步法”隨機前沿SFA模型,實證探究603戶家庭農場的技術效率及其影響因素,并就不同農業要素配置方式與農場技術效率的關系進行考察。結果表明: ①土地、勞動力、資本投入對農業生產均產生了顯著的影響,但農場綜合技術效率的大小較多地依賴資金規模效率;②農場平均技術效率值為0.58,存在42%的技術效率損失;③不同農業要素配置方式對農場技術效率變化有顯著的影響。相對于無土地轉入戶,土地轉入戶有著更高的經營技術效率;相對于無非農就業戶,非農就業戶有著更高的經營技術效率;④農場主的年齡和文化程度對農場技術效率具有顯著負向影響,種植經濟作物、采納新型農業技術、制定生產技術標準、加入農民合作社、注冊商標品牌、建立穩定的銷售渠道對農場技術效率具有顯著提升作用。主要結論:為進一步提高農業技術效率和要素配置效率,應加快農村土地流轉市場化進程,推動農業勞動力向非農產業轉移,而作為農場經營者則應積極轉變觀念與創新管理方式,不斷提高農場管理水平和經營技術效率。

          Abstract:

          The "one-step method" SFA model was used to empirically explore the technical efficiency of 603 family farms and its influencing factors, and analyze the relationship between different agricultural factor allocation modes and the technical efficiency of farms. The results show that: ①The input of land, labor force and capital has a significant effect on agricultural production, but the comprehensive technical efficiency of farm depends more on the efficiency of capital scale; ②The average technical efficiency of the farm is 0.58, there is a 42% loss of technical efficiency;③Different agricultural factor allocation has a significant impact on the change of farm technical efficiency. Compared with no-land transfer households, land transfer households have higher management technology efficiency, compared with non-agricultural employment households, non-agricultural employment households have higher management technology efficiency; ④The farmer's age and educational level have a significant negative effect on the technical efficiency of the farm, planting Cash crop, using new agricultural technologies, setting production standards, joining farmers' cooperatives, trademark brands, and establishing stable marketing channels have significantly improved the farm's technical efficiency. Main conclusion: in order to further improve the efficiency of agricultural technology and factor allocation, we should accelerate the process of rural land circulation marketization and promote the transfer of agricultural labor force to non-agricultural industries. As a farm operator should also change their ideas and management methods to improve the level of farm management and agricultural technology efficiency.

          參考文獻
          相似文獻
          引證文獻
        引用本文
        分享
        文章指標
        • 點擊次數:
        • 下載次數:
        • HTML閱讀次數:
        • 引用次數:
        歷史
        • 收稿日期:2019-11-02
        • 最后修改日期:2020-05-17
        • 錄用日期:2020-08-04
        • 在線發布日期:
        • 出版日期:
        牌九游戏