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      2. 扶貧政策與農業經濟高質量增長 ——基于雙重差分法的實證研究
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        蘭州大學經濟學院,絲綢之路經濟帶建設研究中心

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        中央高?;究蒲袠I務費專項資金資助項目“農民合作社創新發展研究——以肉羊產業為例”(批準號18LZUJBWYJ060)和“創新“一帶一路”國際合作機制研究”(18LZUJBWTD008)


        Poverty Alleviation Policies and High-Quality Agricultural Economic Growth:An Empirical Analysis Based on the DID Method
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        School of Economics Lanzhou University,Silk Road Economic Belt Construction Research Center

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          摘要:

          研究扶貧政策對農業經濟高質量增長的影響,是扶貧政策績效評價的重要內容。本文基于2012年發布的集中連片特困地區縣市名單,將是否進入該名單作為獲得傾斜性扶持政策的識別變量,采用甘肅省86個縣市2009~2016年的數據以及雙重差分法進行實證分析。研究結果表明:扶貧政策對集中連片特困地區的農業經濟增長具有顯著的正向促進作用;但是,扶貧政策對農業產業結構和農業技術效率并未產生顯著影響;扶貧政策對深度貧困縣的扶持取得了顯著效果,在干旱地區、少數民族聚居貧困縣的政策績效要好于濕潤區和非少數民族聚居貧困縣;同時,隨著傾斜性扶持政策的持續實施,扶貧政策對農業經濟的促進作用越來越強??傮w而言,扶貧政策未有效推動農業經濟高質量增長。

          Abstract:

          It is an important part of the performance evaluation of poverty alleviation policies that research about the impact of poverty alleviation policies on the high-quality growth of agricultural economy. Based on the released list of counties and cities in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas in 2012, this paper takes whether they are included in the list as the identification variable of the inclined support policy, and uses the data of 86 counties and cities in Gansu province from 2009 to 2016 and the DID method for empirical analysis. We found that poverty alleviation policy has a significant positive effect on agricultural economic growth in concentrated and contiguous poverty-stricken areas, however, it has no significant impact on agricultural industrial structure and agricultural technical efficiency. The poverty alleviation policies have achieved remarkable results in supporting deeply impoverished counties, and the policy performance in arid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by ethnic minorities is better than that in humid areas and poverty-stricken counties inhabited by non-ethnic minorities. At the same time, with the continuous implementation of the preferential support policy, the poverty alleviation policy plays an increasingly strong role in promoting the agricultural economy. Overall, poverty alleviation policies have not effectively promotes high-quality growth of agricultural economy.

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        • 收稿日期:2019-11-03
        • 最后修改日期:2019-12-30
        • 錄用日期:2020-02-11
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