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      2. 湖北省東部地區農地流轉對農戶收入的影響 —基于流轉雙方決策行為的理論與實證分析
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        1.華中農業大學土地管理學院;2.華中農業大學理學院

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        國家自然科學基金項目(面上項目),教育部人文社會科學研究規劃基金項目


        The Impact of Land Transfer on Farmers' Income in the Eastern Part of Hubei Province- Theoretical and empirical analysis based on farmers’ decision-making behavior
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        1.Land resource college of Huazhong Agricultural University;2.Science college of Huazhong Agricultural University

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          摘要:

          基于湖北省東部9縣(市/區)的農戶調研數據,分別運用經濟學模型、Logistic模型和傾向得分匹配模型解釋了農戶土地流轉決策的動因,找出了農戶土地流轉決策的影響因素,并檢驗了農村土地流轉對家庭收入水平與收入結構的影響。研究結果表明:(1)戶主文化程度、土地經營面積、農業勞動力人數、政策認知和產權認知對農戶轉入土地從事規模經營具有顯著正向影響,戶主年齡、經營類型、養老保險和政策認知是農戶轉出土地從事非農活動的主要誘因。(2)土地轉入和轉出均有利于提高農戶家庭收入,與非流轉戶相比,轉入戶和轉出戶的家庭收入增長率分別為12.74%和7.57%。(3)農地流轉的增收效應在轉入戶和轉出戶之間具有顯著的結構性差異,前者的經營性收入、工資性收入、轉移性收入和財產性收入對家庭增收的貢獻率分別為62.87%、26.2%、9.05%和1.84%,后者的貢獻率分別為-52.41%、86.99%、25.09%和40.33%。最后,提出了拓寬農民增收渠道的政策建議,如提高土地產權制度激勵效應、培育農村多種新型經營主體,并針對不同經營類型的農戶采取多元化的農地流轉和勞動力扶持政策。

          Abstract:

          To scientifically analyze income changes of farmers’ households after land transfer, this paper explains incentives of decision-making behavior of farmers’ land transfer by micro-economics models, then uses Logistic to analyze influencing factors of farmers’ decision on land transfer and uses Propensity Score Matching to test income effect based on rural household’s data from survey in the eastern part of Hubei province. The results imply that :(1) Education level, land management area, number of agriculural labor force, policy cognition and property right cognition have a significant positive impact on farmers' decision on land flow in. Age of household heads, management type, endowment insurance and policy cognition are the main incentives for farmers to low out land and engage in off-farm activities. (2) Land flow in or out is beneficial to raise farmers’ household income since the income growth rate of land flow-in farmers and land flow-out farmers is 12.74% and 7.57% compared with land non-flow farmers respectively. (3) There are significant structural differences in the income growth effect between land flow in farmers and land flow out farmers. The former contribution rates of operating income, wage income, transfer income and property income to household income increasing are 62.87%, 26.24%, 9.05% and 1.84%, and the latter contribution rates are 52.41%, 88.69%, 25.09% and 40.33% respectively. Finally, some policy suggestions are put forward, such as cultivating new-type agricultural businesses and adopting new transfer pattern to promote the efficiency of agricultural production, as well as further reforming land tenure policy and broadening channel for non-agricultural employment to smoothly transfer rural land and surplus labor force.

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        • 收稿日期:2019-12-09
        • 最后修改日期:2020-02-16
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-03
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