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      2. 產權安全性、產權認知與土地流轉高意愿低行為
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        中國農業大學 經濟管理學院

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        國家自然科學基金項目(面上項目,重點項目,重大項目);教育部人文社會科學研究項目;北京市社會科學基金項目


        Property security, Property rights cognition and the inconsistent of land transfer intention and behavior
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        College of Economics and Management China Agricultural University

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          摘要:

          文章基于全國25省農戶微觀調查數據,運用Probit模型和Tobit模型,探討了產權安全性、產權認知對農戶土地流轉高意愿低行為的作用機制。實證結論表明,土地流轉意愿向行為轉化需要一系列條件來支撐。當地權穩定性較高時,農戶的土地流轉意愿可以順利轉化成行為,反之則不能。確權使得農戶的土地產權更加明晰,進而可以降低交易成本、提升土地租金,促進轉入戶土地流轉意愿轉化為行為,阻礙轉出戶土地流轉意愿轉化為行為。與此同時,農戶自評的村級流轉管制也產生與確權相同的效果。因此,應當在維護地權穩定性的基礎上,規范土地經營權交易市場,發揮村集體組織土地流轉的優勢,為農戶進一步參與土地流轉市場創造有利條件。

          Abstract:

          Based on the survey data of 25 provinces in China, this paper explores the mechanism of property security and property rights cognition on the inconsistent of land transfer intention and behavior by using Probit model and Tobit model. The empirical results show that there are conditions for the transformation of land transfer intention to behavior. When the stability of land rights is high, the farmers' land transfer intention can be transformed into behavior easily, otherwise it can't. Farmland right confirmation makes the land property rights of farmers more clear, and then by reducing transaction costs and increasing land rent, it can ultimately promote the transformation between farmers' intention and behavior to transfer in and hinder the transformation between farmers' intention and behavior to transfer out. At the same time, the village control also has the same effect as farmland right confirmation. Therefore, on the basis of maintaining the stability of land property rights, the market of land management rights should be standardized. Beyond that in order to create favorable conditions for farmers to participate in the land transfer market, the advantages of village committee in organizing land transfer should be brought into play.

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        • 收稿日期:2019-12-13
        • 最后修改日期:2020-02-18
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-03
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