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      2. 審慎應對精準扶貧政策的疊加效應及風險研究——以寧夏回族自治區W市為研究
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        華中師范大學中國農村研究院

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        國務院扶貧開發領導小組辦公室項目“非貧困縣非貧困村脫貧攻堅形勢調查”(XM0820190083 )


        Prudent response to the additive effects and risks of precision poverty alleviation policies——Study on W City in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region
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        Institute for China Rural Studies,Central China Normal University

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          摘要:

          非貧困地區的貧困治理問題作為我國脫貧攻堅戰的重要組成部分,不論是從理論上還是在實踐中,一直備受關注。本研究通過對W市的重點貧困地區(T縣)與非貧困地區(H區)進行實證考察,發現重點貧困地區與非貧困地區存在政策幫扶不平衡的問題,貧困人口可能會陷入福利陷阱、臨界貧困人口(非貧困人口)面臨懸崖效應的現象。本文通過梳理貧困人口疊加享受扶貧政策的現狀,比較分析貧困群體與非貧困群體享受扶貧政策的差異情況,探討政策疊加在實踐過程中產生的意外結果與風險,以把握政策內涵,解決政策依賴性與政府投入的關系,提出扶貧政策的制定與走向更應重視社會的長效發展與公平,從而逐步完善扶貧政策的風險治理機制。

          Abstract:

          Whether it is in theory or in practice, the problem of poverty management in non-poor areas has been receiving much attention as an important part of China's fight against poverty.In this study, through empirical investigations of poor counties (T counties) and non-poor counties (H District) in W city, it was found that there is a problem of unbalanced policy assistance in poor counties and non-poor counties. And poor people may fall into the welfare trap, and non-poor people face a cliff effect. By sorting out the current status of the poverty-stricken people who enjoy poverty alleviation policies, this paper compares and analyzes the differences between the poverty-stricken groups and non-poor groups who enjoy the poverty alleviation policies. And to explore the unexpected results and risks of policy superposition in practice, in order to grasp the connotation of the policy and solve the relationship between policy dependence and government input.This article proposes that the formulation and development direction of poverty alleviation policies should pay more attention to the long-term development and equity of society, and gradually improve the risk governance mechanism of poverty alleviation policies.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-01-03
        • 最后修改日期:2020-04-12
        • 錄用日期:2020-07-14
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