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      2. 農業補貼、農戶增收與收入不平等
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        西南大學經濟管理學院

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        中圖分類號:

        F328

        基金項目:

        國家社會科學基金青年項目“農村新型合作組織的扶貧效應及相關政策研究”(16CGL036)


        Agricultural subsidies, rural incomes and income inequality
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        Affiliation:

        School of economics and management, Southwest University

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          摘要:

          對農業補貼增收效應的有效測度是評估農業政策與實施精準扶貧的重要問題。研究從理論上分析農業補貼的增收效應以及農業補貼對農戶收入異質性影響的機制,并基于中國家庭金融調查(CHFS)2015年的數據運用工具變量分位數回歸進行了實證驗證。研究發現:(1)農業補貼對不同收入層次農戶收入的影響存在差異。農業補貼會顯著促進低收入農戶收入的增加,而對高收入農戶收入影響不顯著;(2)農業補貼對農戶收入的影響存在地區異質性。農業補貼會顯著促進東部和西部地區農戶收入提高,對中部地區影響不顯著;(3)農業補貼能夠緩解不同收入層次農戶收入不平等;(4)農業補貼緩解了中西部農戶收入不平等,但是加劇了東中部農戶收入不平等。該研究為政府進行精準補貼提供了有利的理論和實證支持。

          Abstract:

          effective measurement of the effect of agricultural subsidies on household income is an important issue in evaluating agricultural policies and implementing targeted poverty alleviation. This paper theoretically demonstrated the effect of agricultural subsidies on income increase and the mechanism of the impact of agricultural subsidies on farmers" income heterogeneity, and then use the data of Chinese Household Finance Survey (CHFS) in 2015 to verify the theoretical hypothesis . Based on instrumental variable quantile regression, it finds that : (1) there are differences in the impact of agricultural subsidies on the income of farmers at different income levels. Agricultural subsidy can significantly promote the increase of low-income farmers" income, but has no significant impact on the income of high-income farmers. (2) there is regional heterogeneity in the impact of agricultural subsidies on household income. Agricultural subsidies can significantly promote the increase of farmers" income in the eastern and western regions, but have no significant impact on the central region. (3) agricultural subsidies can alleviate the income inequality of farmers at different income levels. (4) agricultural subsidies alleviate the income inequality of farmers in the central and western regions, but aggravate the income inequality of farmers in the eastern and central regions. The study of this paper provides favorable theoretical and empirical support for the government to carry out precise subsidy.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-01-09
        • 最后修改日期:2020-04-21
        • 錄用日期:2020-04-21
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