Shanghai Normal University
The aging of agricultural transfer is an important feature of rural labor migration. we construct a two-sector model to study the migration decision of the young labor force and the old-age labor force from the perspective of labor efficiency and explain this phenomenon. Besides, this paper theoretically obtains the two-stage characteristics of labor transfer. Based on census data, this paper first calculated the number of laborers of all ages who moved from agriculture to non-agriculture in the four time periods 1995-2000, 2000-2005, 2005-2010, and 2010-2015. The two-stage migration of rural labor is characterized by the fact that the young laborers in the initial period flowed out of agriculture, and it was difficult for the old-aged labor force to flow out; in the later period the young laborers began to return to agriculture, and the older laborers flowed out of agriculture. This conclusion shows that the benefit of allocating different age group laborers between agriculture and non-agriculture still exists. We hold the opinion that promoting the reform of the household registration system and the land system and facilitating the free flow of the labor force can better take advantage of this benefit and revitalize the countryside.