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      2. 家庭代際關系類型及其城鄉差異分析——基于2014年中國老年社會追蹤調查(CLASS)數據
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        作者單位:

        1.華中科技大學社會學院;2.河南農業大學 社會治理創新研究中心;3.西安交通大學公共政策與管理學院人口與發展研究所

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        中圖分類號:

        C913.6

        基金項目:

        華中科技大學自主創新研究基金人文項目“代際互動對農村老年人健康狀況的影響研究”(編號:2016AC042)


        Types of Intergenerational Relations of the Families and Its Differences between Urban and Rural Areas: A Study Based on 2014 China Longitudinal Ageing Social Survey
        Author:
        Affiliation:

        1.School of Sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology;2.Research Center for Social Governance Innovation, College of Humanities and Law, Henan Agricultural University;3.Institute for Population and Development Studies, School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University

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          摘要:

          文章利用2014年中國老年社會追蹤調查(CLASS)數據和潛在類別分析方法,從家庭整體視角對老年人家庭代際關系類型及其城鄉差異進行了分析。研究發現三種代際關系類型:緊密型、贍養有間型和疏離型,其中緊密型和贍養有間型所占比例較高,疏離型所占比例較小,說明中國家庭代際關系依舊以團結為主。與以往研究所不同的是,本研究中三種類型的共同特點是子女為父母提供了高頻的經濟與情感支持,其中贍養有間型和疏離型的不和諧環節均是代際空間阻隔所致,說明家庭在保持基本養老的功能的同時但又伴隨著明顯的代際空間距離的擴大。代際關系類型具有顯著的城鄉差異,城市占主導是緊密型,農村占主導是贍養有間型,這與人口流動的大背景相符。城鄉代際關系類型均體現了利他的合作群體模式,即代際支持總是流向相對弱勢的家庭成員,結果顯示失能或高齡老人與子女成為疏離型的可能性較低;與此同時,城市代際關系類型還體現了權力與協商模式,即資源越多的老年人越有可能獲得子女的支持與關注,城市老年人較好的收入有助于其與子女成為緊密型。

          Abstract:

          Base on the data from the China Longitudinal Ageing Social Survey conducted in 2014, using Latent Class Analysis, this study analyzed the urban-rural differences in the types of intergenerational relations from a whole family perspective. We found three types of intergenerational relations: tight-knit, support but distant, and detached. Among these types, the first two accounted for a larger proportion, and the last accounted for a small proportion, which revealed that the intergenerational relations of Chinese families are still dominated by solidarity. The common characteristic of the three types was that children have provided with high-frequency financial and emotional support for parents, and the discordant parts in the type of “support but distant” and “detached” are both caused by the space barrier between generations, which indicated that families still maintain the function of old-age support, but accompanied with the obvious feature of geographical distant between generations. The relationship types have significant urban-rural differences, urban areas dominated by the type of tight-knit, and rural areas dominated by the type of support but distant, which reflected the background of population migration in China. The types of intergenerational relations in urban and rural areas both embodied the model of corporate group between generations, that is, intergenerational support always flows to the relatively vulnerable family members. Our results showed that the disabled or oldest old are unlikely to form the detached structure with their children. The types of intergenerational relations in rural areas highlighted the model of power and bargaining between generations, that is the old adult with more resources are more likely to get support and attention from their children. We found that urban older adults with higher incomes can help them form a tight-knit structure with their children.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-01-10
        • 最后修改日期:2020-04-23
        • 錄用日期:2020-04-27
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