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      2. 政府嵌入、社區整合與西藏牧民的集體化發展:基于“制度-生活”分析
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        山東大學(威海)法學院

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        中國博士后科學基金:教育部人文社會科學研究青年項目;山東省社會科學規劃研究項目


        Government Embedding, Community Integration and Tibetan Herdsmen's Collective Development: An Analysis Based on "System-Life"
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        Law School (Weihai) of Shandong University

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          摘要:

          西藏牧民的集體化發展成效取決于相互聯系的兩個階段:公共資源如何傳遞到牧區村莊,又如何轉化成牧民的內生發展能力?;凇爸贫?生活”分析框架,從“制度”與“生活”關系互動的視角出發,對西藏革吉縣牧民的集體化發展現象進行考察。研究發現:牧民的集體化發展,本質上是地方政府和牧民社會“互動共治”的結果。地方政府強力嵌入牧民社會,通過選派駐村干部、提供政策項目等方式,在尊重牧區生計模式的基礎上,推動牧民社會在集體制度框架內發生有序變遷。村集體承接政府公共資源,主要采取情感聯結、利益聯結等柔性整合手段,將牧民集體化發展從“制度”形態引導到規范的“實體”形態,有效實現了村莊公共性的再生產。在上述集體化發展過程中,制度與生活的持續互動,使牧民的內生發展能力不斷增強。牧民看到解決自身生存危機的可能,利益一致性喚起了對于集體的信任感和歸屬感,由此促成牧民集體化發展的良性循環。

          Abstract:

          The results of herdsmen's collective development in Tibet depend on ttwo interrelated stages: how are the public resources transferred to pastoral villages, and how are they transformed into herdsmen's endogenous development ability. Based on the analysis framework of "system-life", this paper investigates the phenomenon of herdsmen's collective development in GeJi county. It is found that the herdsmen's collective development is essentially the result of "interactive co-governance" between local government and herdsmen's society. The local government strongly embeds into herdsmen's society through the selection of village cadres and provision of policy projects , and promotes the orderly changes of herdsmen's society within the collective framework on the basis of respecting the livelihood mode of the pastoral areas. The village collective undertakes the government public resources, and adopts the flexible conformity means such as emotion association and benefit association. It guides the herdsmen's collective development from the "system" form to the "entity" form, and effectively realizes the village public reproduction. In the process of herdsmen's collective development, the continuous interaction between system and life enhances the herdsmen's endogenous development capability. The herdsmen see the possibility of solving their own survival crisis, and the consistency of interests arouses the sense of trust and belonging to the collective. The herdsmen's collective development is entering a virtuous cycle.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-02-18
        • 最后修改日期:2020-05-13
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-17
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