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      2. 鄉村振興背景下特殊信任對返鄉創業過程的影響——基于全國返鄉創業調查數據的實證分析
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        1.清華大學 社會科學學院;2.北京工商大學 經濟學院

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        The Effect of Special Trust on Entrepreneurship in Rural Area in the context of Rural Revitalization
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        1.school of social science;2.school of Economics

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          摘要:

          返鄉創業是發展鄉村經濟并實現鄉村振興的重要途徑。本文利用一項在鄉村振興戰略實施后針對返鄉創業者的全國性調查數據,考察了以親屬為對象的特殊信任對返鄉創業全過程的影響。研究發現,特殊信任會使創業者會基于發展型動機進行創業,但會抑制他們通過正規渠道獲取政策信息和勞動力,并且對客觀的經濟績效未產生促進作用。因此,有關部門在鼓勵返鄉創業者發揮特殊信任在創業初始階段的正向影響的基礎上,應積極推動優惠政策與創業者之間的對接,強化政策的落地能力,以此提升返鄉創業的經濟績效

          Abstract:

          Returning home and starting a business is an important way to develop the rural economy and achieve rural rejuvenation. This article uses the data from a nationwide survey of returnee entrepreneurs after the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, and examines the impact of special trust for relatives on the entire process of returnee entrepreneurship. The study found that special trust will enable entrepreneurs to start businesses based on developmental motivations, but will inhibit them from obtaining policy information and labor through formal channels, and will not promote objective economic performance. Therefore, on the basis of encouraging returnee entrepreneurs to give play to the positive impact of special trust in the initial stage of entrepreneurship, the relevant departments should actively promote the connection between preferential policies and entrepreneurs and strengthen the ability to implement policies to improve returnee entrepreneurship Economic performance.

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        歷史
        • 收稿日期:2020-02-20
        • 最后修改日期:2020-03-26
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-03
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