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      2. 國有農用地利用的實踐需求與制度供給
        DOI:
        作者:
        作者單位:

        1.中國人民大學公共管理學院;2.中國人民大學 公共管理學院

        作者簡介:

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        中圖分類號:

        F301.0

        基金項目:

        農業農村部2017年“國有農用地經營管理條例立法問題研究”項目(項目編號:2017K20312)


        Practical Demand and Institutional Supply of State-owned Agricultural Land Utilization
        Author:
        Affiliation:

        School of Public Administration and Policy, RUC.

        Fund Project:

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          摘要:

          從制度供給的視角,針對國有農場和農戶的實踐需求,構建國有農用地制度改進方案。在農墾土地國有的基礎上,將國有農用地使用權塑造為物權,穩步推進農地使用權的有償使用,以滿足國有農場管理體制改革的需求。在“兩田制”的基礎上,可將“基本田”中的土地經營權塑造為用益物權;依照“物債兩分”邏輯設置“規模田”上的土地經營權,長期存續的土地經營權設為物權,依《物權法》協調;短期的經營權則設為債權,依據契約自由的原則,遵照《合同法》進行協調,滿足經營主體的需求。在國有農用地立法過程中,應將兩類不同的法律規范進行整合,以區分國有農用地物權與債權的權利。此外,在國有農用地產權制度改進的同時,應匹配相應的社會保障、管理經營等配套制度改革。

          Abstract:

          Based on the evolution trend and current situation of the state-owned farmland system, this paper constructs the improvement scheme of the state-owned farmland system, to satisfy the practical needs of the state-owned farms and farmers. On the basis of state-owned land, land use right can be defined as property right, to promoted the paid use of agricultural land use right steadily. On the basis of the two-field system, the land management right in the basic fields should be modeled as usufructuary property right. And the land management right in the large-scale fields can be set up according to the logic of right and obligation right dichotomy. The long-term land management right is created as real right, and coordinated according to the property law. While the short-term management right is coordinated according to the principle of freedom of contract. In the process of land legislation, two different types of norms should be integrated to distinguish the real rights of state-owned agricultural land from the obligation rights.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-02-25
        • 最后修改日期:2020-02-25
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-03
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