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      2. 農地確權能否提高農戶參與村莊選舉的意愿?
        DOI:
        作者:
        作者單位:

        1.南京財經大學;2.南京財經大學糧食安全與戰略研究中心

        作者簡介:

        通訊作者:

        中圖分類號:

        F301.1

        基金項目:

        國家自然科學基金青年科學基金項目


        Will farmland right be able to improve farmers"willingness to vote?
        Author:
        Affiliation:

        Center for Food Security and Strategic Studies, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics

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          摘要:

          以村莊選舉為代表的村民自治在政治參與上無論是作為一種自由理念還是一種民主制度,都是在一定的經濟體制背景下才得以形塑。借助中國農村目前新一輪的農地產權制度改革,在圍繞產權行為能力與產權實際執行程度關系進行理論分析的基礎上,采用CLDS2016年全國230個行政村6940家農戶的調查數據,運用工具變量、兩階段估計等方法,通過分析農地確權的選舉效應,嘗試回答了農地產權這一經濟權利能否帶來農村更加廣泛政治參與的問題。研究發現:(1)目前的農地確權的確顯著提升了農戶參與村莊選舉的積極性,但這一影響只在從事農業生產的家庭中成立;(2)在從事農業生產的家庭中,相較非農勞動力,農地確權更能提升家庭內部農業勞動力參與村莊選舉的積極性。并且,相較于對農業男性勞動力,農地確權對農業女性勞動力的選舉效應更為顯著,而這其中可能的內在機制在于農地確權證書的發放增加了農業生產者,尤其是目前農業生產主體女性,對農業生產收益的重視程度,進而提高了農業生產者參與村莊民主選舉以參與和借助集體行動決策,拓展自身產權行為能力獲取預期農業收益的積極性。文章最后給出了相應的政策建議。

          Abstract:

          From the perspective of political participation, the villager autonomy which is represented by the village elections must be shaped in a certain economic system, no matter as a kind of liberal idea or as a democratic system. And this paper takes the opportunity of a new round of agricultural land property rights system reform in China"s rural areas currently, adopts the survey date of 230 administrative villages, 6940 families nationwide of China Labor-force Dynamic Survey in 2016 which is on the basis of conducting theoretical analyses in the relationship between disposing capacity of property and the executing status of property, and uses instrument variables, two-stage estimation and other methods to answer the question that whether the economic right of determining the agricultural land property can bring more extensive political participation in rural areas by analyzing the election effect of determining the agricultural land property. And it is found that: Firstly, at present, the action of determining the agricultural land property surely significantly increased the enthusiasm of farmers to participate in village elections, but this effect was practicable only in the households engaged in agricultural production. Secondly, compared to non-agricultural labors, the action of determining the agricultural land property can enhance the enthusiasm of agricultural labors to participate in village elections in households engaged in the agricultural production. Moreover, compared with the male labor forces, the action of determining the agricultural land property has a more significant effect on the election to the female labor forces. And the internal mechanism of this action is possibly because the issuance of agricultural land property certificate increases the agricultural producers. Especially at present, the main body of agricultural production is female, and they extremely pay attention to the agricultural incomes. And then, it improves the enthusiasm of agricultural producers to participate in village democratic elections, expands their disposing capacity of property right and obtains expected agricultural benefits by taking part in democratic elections and making decisions of collective actions. Finally, this paper puts forward corresponding measures and suggestions.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-02-27
        • 最后修改日期:2020-02-27
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-29
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