Center for Food Security and Strategic Studies, Nanjing University of Finance and Economics
From the perspective of political participation, the villager autonomy which is represented by the village elections must be shaped in a certain economic system, no matter as a kind of liberal idea or as a democratic system. And this paper takes the opportunity of a new round of agricultural land property rights system reform in China"s rural areas currently, adopts the survey date of 230 administrative villages, 6940 families nationwide of China Labor-force Dynamic Survey in 2016 which is on the basis of conducting theoretical analyses in the relationship between disposing capacity of property and the executing status of property, and uses instrument variables, two-stage estimation and other methods to answer the question that whether the economic right of determining the agricultural land property can bring more extensive political participation in rural areas by analyzing the election effect of determining the agricultural land property. And it is found that: Firstly, at present, the action of determining the agricultural land property surely significantly increased the enthusiasm of farmers to participate in village elections, but this effect was practicable only in the households engaged in agricultural production. Secondly, compared to non-agricultural labors, the action of determining the agricultural land property can enhance the enthusiasm of agricultural labors to participate in village elections in households engaged in the agricultural production. Moreover, compared with the male labor forces, the action of determining the agricultural land property has a more significant effect on the election to the female labor forces. And the internal mechanism of this action is possibly because the issuance of agricultural land property certificate increases the agricultural producers. Especially at present, the main body of agricultural production is female, and they extremely pay attention to the agricultural incomes. And then, it improves the enthusiasm of agricultural producers to participate in village democratic elections, expands their disposing capacity of property right and obtains expected agricultural benefits by taking part in democratic elections and making decisions of collective actions. Finally, this paper puts forward corresponding measures and suggestions.