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      2. 生態保護紅線管理立法理念及其實踐檢討
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        華南農業大學文法學院

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        注:參與周珂教授主持的“《北京市生態保護紅線管理條例》立項論證課題”基礎研究成果之一。


        Review on the Legislation Concept of Ecological Protection Red Line Management and Its Practice
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        College of Humanities & Law of South China Agricultural University

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          摘要:

          “生態保護紅線”是我國生態環境保護的制度創新,切合發展和環境管理的需求,是實施生態文明建設方略的重要舉措。然而,生態保護紅線制度不宜停留在政策指引層面,其權威性必須依靠立法創制保障;唯有將其政策概念和管制要求上升到立法規制層面,方能為實施生態系統保護規劃、生態底線維護提供有效保障。各地生態保護紅線規制實踐或立法探索表明,其立法基礎及規范體系漸趨明朗,亟待完善相關立法,筑牢生態紅線管理法治化框架,促使生態保護紅線制度“落地”,有待于通過制定單行法、相關立法特別是地方立法加以明確。貫徹生態保護紅線立法理念是我國現階段生態保護法治化的核心要求,除了政策指向、相關立法協調規制以外,還必需通過一系列配套機制及實施措施予以支撐保障。

          Abstract:

          The “Red Line of Ecological Protection” is an institutional innovation in China's ecological environment protection. Delineating the red line of ecological protection to meet the needs of China's development and environmental management is an important practice in the construction of ecological civilization at this stage. However, the red line system of ecological protection cannot stay at the level of policy guidance, and its authority must rely on legislation to create guarantees; only if its policy concepts and regulatory requirements are raised to the level of legislation, it can effectively provide for the implementation of ecosystem protection planning and ecological bottom line maintenance. Guarantee. The practice or legislative exploration of the red line regulation of ecological protection shows that the legislative basis and normative system are becoming clearer, and it is urgent to improve relevant legislation, to build a legal framework for ecological red line management, and to promote the ecological protection red line system to be consistently “landed”. The single-line law, relevant legislation, especially local legislation, is clarified. Implementing the red line legislative concept of ecological protection is the core requirement of the legalization of ecological protection in China at present. In addition to policy direction and relevant legislation and regulation, it must be supported by a series of supporting mechanisms and implementation measures.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-03-13
        • 最后修改日期:2020-04-19
        • 錄用日期:2020-04-21
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