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      2. 土地承包法修改是否促進了農戶城市落戶意愿?
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        浙江大學中國農村發展研究院

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        國家自然科學基金項目(面上項目,重點項目,重大項目)


        [1] Lewis. Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labour[D]the Manchester school.1954(2)[2] Harris.Migration,Unemployment and Development: a Two-sector Analysis[J]American Economic review.1970(1)
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        China Academy for Rural Development

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          摘要:

          農戶的城市落戶決策不僅受到自身條件的影響,還受到落戶政策約束。2019年我國農村土地承包法修改落戶條款為“不得以退出集體土地為城市落戶條件”,政策調整是否能促進我國城鎮化發展,本文利用484份農戶問卷,對該問題進行探討。研究結果表明:承包法修改提高了農戶的城市落戶意愿,有26.3%的農戶從不愿意轉變為愿意城市落戶;有教育需求的農戶家庭更容易被政策釋放,農戶家庭原始土地稟賦并不影響農戶落戶意愿變遷;此外,城市生存能力強、對外界包容程度高的農戶家庭也更容易在此次政策變遷中改變落戶意愿。研究進一步表明,承包法修改后,城市不僅需要做好階段性的擴容工作,更需關注教育與就業領域的相關匹配。

          Abstract:

          Farmers' urban settlement decision is not only influenced by their own conditions, but also constrained by the settlement policy.In the rural land contract law of China in 2019, the article on settling down is amended to read "no withdrawal from collective land is allowed as a condition for settling down in cities". Whether the policy adjustment can promote the development of urbanization in China, this paper USES 484 questionnaires of rural households to discuss this issue.The results show that the modification of the contract law has improved the willingness of farmers to settle down in cities, and 26.3% of them are willing to settle down in cities instead of in cities.Rural households with educational needs are more likely to be released by the policy.In addition, households with strong urban viability and a high degree of tolerance to the outside world are more likely to change their intention to settle down in this policy change.The research further shows that after the modification of the contract law, cities not only need to expand their capacity in stages, but also need to pay more attention to the correlation between education and employment.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-03-15
        • 最后修改日期:2020-04-10
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-03
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