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      2. 互動型治理:農村垃圾分類機制建設的邏輯闡釋
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        中國社會科學院社會學所

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        國家社會科學基金重大項目“農業社會學的基本理論與前沿問題研究”(17ZDA113)、2018年第63批中國博士后科學基金面上項目“長三角地區農村生活污染治理研究”(2018M631668)的階段性成果


        Negotiated governance:Logical Interpretation of the Construction of Rural Waste Sorting Mechanism
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        CASS

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          摘要:

          農村環境公共治理是多方主體不斷互動、反復磨合的復雜協商過程。浙中農村垃圾分類機制的建設在地方政府行政命令的影響下開始實施,符合國家環境治理的大政方針,卻不一定滿足農民的“口味”。在村干部等地方精英的支持與引導下,通過村莊內部組織引導與管理方式創新,促進農民逐漸養成垃圾分類的行為習慣,并根據農村垃圾分類的實踐經驗來不斷調整地方政府出臺的垃圾分類制度,最終形成一些符合農村社會、具有操作性的地方垃圾分類政策與制度。浙中農村垃圾分類機制的建設,不僅是地方社會垃圾分類機制引入、調適與完善的過程,也是農民在政府分類制度、生產生活方式影響下調整自身行為和塑造垃圾分類行為的過程,還是地方政府、村干部、村民在權力、利益與社會關系相互影響并最終妥協的一種結果。

          Abstract:

          Public governance in rural environment is a complex negotiation process in which multiple parties are constantly interacting and repeatedly running. The construction of the rural waste sorting mechanism in Zhejiang Province was implemented under the influence of local government administrative orders. In the context of environmental governance, it conformed to the national policy of the country, but it did not necessarily satisfy the “taste” of the farmers. Under the support and guidance of local elites such as village cadres, through the internal organization of the village to guide and innovate ways of management, to promote farmers to gradually develop the habit of garbage classification, and according to the practical experience of rural waste classification to continuously adjust the classification of waste introduced by local governments. The system eventually formed some local waste classification policies and systems that are in line with rural society and have operational abilities. The construction of rural waste sorting mechanism in Zhejiang Province is not only the process of introducing, adapting and perfecting the local social waste sorting mechanism, but also the process of farmers adjusting their behavior and shaping waste sorting behavior under the influence of government classification system and production lifestyle, or local government. The result of the power struggle between the village cadres and the villagers in the village environmental governance and the interests of the game and the final compromise.#$NLKeywords: rural areas; interactive governance; waste classification; mechanism construction; behavior shaping

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        • 收稿日期:2020-03-22
        • 最后修改日期:2020-05-13
        • 錄用日期:2020-05-25
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