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      2. 城鎮集中安置型易地扶貧搬遷社區的社會穩定風險分析
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        貴州大學

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        中圖分類號:

        C916

        基金項目:

        貴州大學引進人才科研項目(2017006)、貴州大學文科重點學科重大科研項目“縣級政府治理能力及其評價研究”(GDZT201709)和貴州基層社會治理創新高端智庫建設階段性成果


        Analysis on the social stability risk of the relocated communities with centralized resettlement
        Author:
        Affiliation:

        China Agricultural University

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          摘要:

          易地扶貧搬遷社區作為我國精準扶貧的直接產物,取得了巨大成就,但也應時刻保持風險意識。城鎮集中安置型易地扶貧搬遷社區的易地搬遷貧困戶雖借助國家力量實現了居住空間、戶籍和部分公共服務的跨越式城鎮化,但由于短期內無法實現生計能力的快速提高,因此無法實現生產方式、生活方式、文明素質等“能力城鎮化”和“素質城鎮化”,這種“半城鎮化”使得易地搬遷貧困戶在城鎮這樣一個“高風險”社會中,出現了個人能力和素質無法適應城鎮要求的矛盾,也因此讓他們可能遇到包括失業風險、經濟風險、安全風險、信任風險、房產變賣風險、社會融合困境等八種社會穩定風險。為了維護社會穩定,我國應通過加大易地扶貧搬遷后續扶持,完善“易扶社區”風險防控機制和加強“易扶社區”的社會支持體系建設等方式來提高城鎮集中安置型“易扶社區”的社會穩定風險治理能力。

          Abstract:

          As the direct product of targeted poverty alleviation in China, " Migrant Communities " have made great achievements, but they should also keep risk awareness at all times. Although the relocation of poor households in the " Migrant Communities " of urban centralized resettlement has realized the "Leaping urbanization" of living space, household registration and part of public services with the help of national forces, it has not realized the "ability urbanization" and "quality urbanization" of production mode, life style and civilization quality. This "semi urbanization" makes the relocation of poor households in such a city In the "high risk" society, there is a contradiction that individual ability and quality can not meet the requirements of cities and towns. Therefore, they may encounter "ten risks" including employment risk, economic risk, dependence risk, trust risk, psychological risk, development risk, etc. In order to maintain social stability, we should increase the follow-up support for poverty alleviation and relocation, improve the risk prevention and control mechanism of "easy to help communities" and strengthen the construction of social support system of " Migrant Communities " to improve the social stability risk governance capacity of "easy to help communities".

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        • 收稿日期:2020-04-29
        • 最后修改日期:2020-06-25
        • 錄用日期:2020-07-14
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