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      2. 普遍道德、公共領導力與小農水集體治理
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        電子科技大學

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        教育部人文社會科學研究青年基金“普遍道德、公共領導力與小型農田水利設施村民自治研究”(20YJC790162);中國博士后科學基金資助項目“農田水利設施村民自治研究:普遍道德與制度約束視角”(2019M660238)。


        Generalized Morality, Public Leadership and Collective Governance of Small-Scale Irrigation and Water Conservancy Facilities
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        University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

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          摘要:

          集體治理是破解小型農田水利設施(簡稱“小農水”)治理主體缺位難題,實現設施有人用、有人管良性循環的重要方式。從普遍道德和公共領導力視角,探索小農水集體治理,以期解決小農水治理的激勵機制缺位和績效低下等問題,突破小農水自主治理困境。利用黃河灌區寧夏、山西及山東723個農戶的微觀調研數據,考慮普遍道德和公共領導力因素,結合農戶農業收入水平及其所處省份,選取多群組結構方程模型,研究小農水集體治理。結果表明,普遍道德和公共領導力能顯著促進小農水治理集體行動和治理績效,集體行動能顯著提升小農水集體治理績效,公共領導力與普遍道德能顯著相互促進。多群組分析表明,農戶農業收入水平及其所處省份能顯著調節小農水治理集體行動和績效。因此,政府可以結合不同地區農戶農業收入情況,通過深化普遍道德培育、培訓村莊領導者和鼓勵村莊精英治村等方式促進小農水集體治理。

          Abstract:

          The collective governance is an important way to solve the problem of the absence of the governance subject of farmland water conservancy facilities and realize the virtuous circle in which facilities are used and managed. This paper explores the collective governance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities from the perspective of generalized morality and public leadership. Our purpose is to solve the problems of lack of incentive mechanism and low governance performance, and finally break through self-governing dilemma of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities. The data used in this paper are micro-village survey data of 723 households in Ningxia, Shanxi and Shandong provinces along the Yellow River basin. This paper mainly studied the collective governance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities. A Multi-group Structural Equation model was selected to analyze the data based on the household agricultural income and province. The results showed that generalized morality and public leadership can significantly positively affect the collective action and governance performance. Collective action had significant and positive effects on the collective governance performance. The public leadership and households’ generalized morality promoted each other remarkably. Multi-group analysis showed that the household agricultural income level and province can significantly moderate the collective action and governance performance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities. Therefore, the government can promote the collective governance of small-scale irrigation and water conservancy facilities by deepening the cultivation of generalized morality, training village leaders and encouraging village elites to govern villages by combining the agricultural income in different regions.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-05-08
        • 最后修改日期:2020-06-01
        • 錄用日期:2020-06-08
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