Department of Sociology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei
The first secretary system is an institutional exploration and innovation in the field of poverty alleviation in China, which presents the characteristics of complexity and diversification in the practice of grassroots governance. After entering the village, the first secretary realized the integration of national governance and grass-roots autonomy at the village level, forming a differentiated two-track interactive governance structure and practice style. The survey found that there are three modes of interaction between the first secretary and the village society, which are arranged alternative, cooperative assistance and passive alienation. The differences in the practice of the first secretary system are shaped by three mechanisms: the resource foundation and governance capabilities at the village level, the village positioning and resource matching at the local government level, and the resource network and career pursuit at the individual level of the first secretary. The first secretary system has produced problems of accuracy and sustainability in practice. Optimizing the performance of the first secretary system should be carried out from the aspects of organizational system reconstruction and accurate resource docking, in order to promote the endogenous poverty alleviation and independent development capabilities Promote.