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      2. 第一書記制度實踐的差異化類型及其形塑機制——基于多村莊的案例分析
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        武漢大學社會學院

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        中圖分類號:

        C913.6

        基金項目:

        國家社科基金青年項目:鄉村振興背景下農村“三治”協同機制研究(18CZZ037)


        Types of First Secretary System Practice Differentiation and Its Shaping Mechanism#$NL——Based on the case analysis of multiple villages
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        Affiliation:

        Department of Sociology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei

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          摘要:

          第一書記制度是我國扶貧領域的一項制度探索和創新,其在基層治理實踐中呈現出復雜性和多樣化的特征。第一書記進入村莊后,在村莊層面實現國家治理和基層自治的對接,形成了具有差異化的治理結構和實踐樣態。村莊調研發現,第一書記制度與村莊社會的互動存在三種關系模式,分別是包辦替代型、合作輔助型和被動疏離型。第一書記制度實踐差異由村莊層面的資源基礎與治理能力、地方政府層面的村莊定位與資源匹配以及第一書記個人層面的資源網絡與職業追求三方面的機制形塑而成。第一書記制度在實踐中產生了精準性問題和可持續性問題,優化第一書記的制度績效應從組織體系再造和資源精準對接兩方面展開,以推動村莊內生脫貧潛能的和自主發展能力的提升。

          Abstract:

          The first secretary system is an institutional exploration and innovation in the field of poverty alleviation in China, which presents the characteristics of complexity and diversification in the practice of grassroots governance. After entering the village, the first secretary realized the integration of national governance and grass-roots autonomy at the village level, forming a differentiated two-track interactive governance structure and practice style. The survey found that there are three modes of interaction between the first secretary and the village society, which are arranged alternative, cooperative assistance and passive alienation. The differences in the practice of the first secretary system are shaped by three mechanisms: the resource foundation and governance capabilities at the village level, the village positioning and resource matching at the local government level, and the resource network and career pursuit at the individual level of the first secretary. The first secretary system has produced problems of accuracy and sustainability in practice. Optimizing the performance of the first secretary system should be carried out from the aspects of organizational system reconstruction and accurate resource docking, in order to promote the endogenous poverty alleviation and independent development capabilities Promote.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-05-24
        • 最后修改日期:2020-05-24
        • 錄用日期:2020-07-06
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