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      2. 資本回鄉背景下農民合作的內在結構與組織實踐
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        華中科技大學 社會學院

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        中圖分類號:

        C912.3

        基金項目:

        國家社科基金重點項目“鄉村振興戰略實施中的地方政府行為研究”(18ASH005)


        The Inner Structure and Organization Practice of Farmer Cooperation under the Background of Returning Capital
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        School of sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

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          摘要:

          如何促成農民間的聯結與合作,是鄉村發展與治理面臨的一個關鍵問題。將農民間的自組織合作視為一種集體行動,并基于集體行動理論,具體通過考察鄂中林村美麗鄉村建設的案例實踐,論述農民開展自組織合作的實踐過程,并對促成合作的發生機制和行為邏輯展開了具體分析。研究發現,關鍵群體的成本分擔、信任網絡的組織建立與村社內部的行動倫理,共同形塑了農戶的合作意愿與合作能力,并最終促成了合作的達成。其中,經濟精英返鄉解決了啟動合作的資源提供和制度供給難題,為合作提供了前提基礎;資本回鄉與能人治理培育了維持合作的信任結構與制度力量,為合作提供了約束保障;村社成員的行動倫理與情感道義塑造了獨特的成本-收益分配方式,為合作的達成提供了重要支撐。據此提出,美麗鄉村建設應該同樣重視村莊內部自組織力量的建設,以保障村莊發展與振興的持久動力來源。

          Abstract:

          How to promote the connection and cooperation among farmers is a key problem in rural development and governance. Based on the theory of collective action, regarding the cooperation among farmers as a kind of collective action, this paper discusses the specific process of peasants" self-organization and cooperation through investigating the case practice of the construction of beautiful village, and analyzes the mechanism and behavior logic of the cooperation. It is found that the cost-sharing of key groups, the establishment of trust network and the action ethics within the community jointly shape the cooperation willingness and cooperation ability of farmers, and ultimately promote cooperation. Specifically, the return of economic elites solves the problem of resource supply to start cooperation and provides a prerequisite for cooperation; the return of capital and governance of capable people cultivate the trust structure and institutional strength to maintain cooperation, which provides a constraint guarantee for cooperation; the action ethics and emotional morality of village members shape a unique cost-benefit distribution and provide an important support for cooperation. Therefore, the construction of beautiful villages should also pay attention to the construction of internal self-organization forces in order to ensure the sustainable power source of village development and revitalization.

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        • 收稿日期:2020-06-30
        • 最后修改日期:2020-08-06
        • 錄用日期:2020-08-10
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