In order to realize the rapid transportation of the pot seedlings of fruit trees in the nursery fields,a self-propelled electric double-track transporter for the nursery fields was developed. According to the application environment of the transporter,the quality of pot seeding of fruit trees and other requirements,the main technical parameters including the the loading capacity,operating speed,remote control distance,and motor battery was proposed. According to the requirements of technical parameters. The overall structure of the transporter was determined and the key components such as vibration damping,leveling and limit mechanism were designed. Among them,the overall structure of the transporter was mainly composed of a cargo trolley and a traction head used for traction of the cargo trolley,and which had the functions of obstacle avoidance,remote control and automatic walking. This transporter chooses a customized lithium iron phosphate battery as its power supply. The battery dimensions were 440,235,and 230 mm in length,width and height respectively. The voltage was 24 V,the battery mass was 22.4 kg,and the battery capacity was 220 A·h. The driving mode of the transporter was a four-wheel drive direct-drive traction head to pull the cargo trolley to slide on the track through the traction component. The circuit based on PLC control was designed,which includes wiring module,insurance module,travel switch circuit module,motor controller module,remote control module,indicator light module,obstacle avoidance module and encoder control. The vibration damping and leveling mechanism of the transporter was fixed between the support leg and the bracket. Each leveling mechanism was composed of 4 springs,a perforated splint fixed on the frame,4 sleeve shafts,4 positioning and 4 screw nuts. The limit mechanism of the transporter includes a universal bearing to prevent rail collision,an anti-rollover wheel to prevent rollover,a load-bearing pulley or a driving friction wheel,and its function was to limit the transporter to travel along the track. After the design was completed,tests in both lab and nursery fields were carried out. The results of test showed that the transporter can adapt to the muddy working environment of the nursery fields,with a load capacity of 750 kg. According to the outdoor test,every 100 m of the transporter forward,the energy consumption of no-load was 9.16 W·h,while the full-load was 27.6 W·h,and the running speed of the transporter was 0.564-0.718 m/s. It took less than 2.5 s for the transporter from starting to a uniform speed,less than 2.2 m for the brake glide distance of the transporter and less than 0.05 m for the emergency brake distance. Additionally,the vibration acceleration amplitude of the transporter was less than 0.4 g in general. In conclusion,the transporter was designed and manufactured,which can improve the efficiency of transportation,reduce labor intensity,and ensure safety during transportation.